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  1. Key text 1 item
    In order to get the most out of the module students are expected to prepare thoroughly for each tutorial. For tutorial discussions and essay-writing students are strongly recommended to purchase the following inexpensive collection of primary sources available from Blackwell's:
  2. Week 2 - Tutorial 1: Can Friendship exist in IR? 2 items
    1. Required Reading 1 item
      Every student should read carefully the this article and be prepared to discuss it critically in class. What are the "assumptions" of Keller's argument? Are his assumptions acceptable? Is he deriving logical conclusions from his assumptions? How can his argument be challenged? Can you think of historical examples that corroborate or confute his argument?
    2. Further Reading 1 item
  3. Week 3 - Tutorial 2: What was ancient friendship about? 11 items
    1. Required Reading 1 item
      This is a most difficult text - probably the most difficult text that you will ever have to read for this module. Every student should read it carefully and be prepared to discuss it in class. What is Plato saying? Is he giving an answer at all to the original question? If not, why not?
      1. Other selves: philosophers on friendship - Michael Pakaluk 1991

        Book  Plato's Lysis pp. 3-27

    2. Further Readings 10 items
      1. Aristotle and the philosophy of friendship - Pangle, Lorraine Smith 2003

        Book  Chapter 1. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Love and friendship in Plato and Aristotle - A. W. Price 1989

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. Dialogue and dialectic: eight hermeneutical studies on Plato - Gadamer, Hans-Georg, Smith, P. Christopher 1980

        Book 

      4. Plato's "Lysis" - Laszlo Versenyi 1975

        Article 

      5. Lysis ; Symposium ; Gorgias - Plato, Lamb, W. R. M. 1925

        Book  Introduction.

  4. Week 4 - Tutorial 3: Can Aristotelian friendship be resurrected? 13 items
    1. Required Reading 1 item
      Every student should read this text very carefully and be prepared to discuss it in class. Do you accept Aristotle’s typology? Can there be virtue- friendship in politics and in IR? or is all political friendship based on utility? Are there statements by Aristotle that you find thought-provoking?
      1. Other selves: philosophers on friendship - Michael Pakaluk 1991

        Book  Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics, pp. 28-69.

    2. Further Readings 12 items
      1. The Nicomachean ethics - Aristotle 2009 (electronic book)

        Book 

      2. Nicomachean ethics: Books VIII and IX - Aristotle, Pakaluk, Michael 1998

        Book 

      3. Routledge philosophy guidebook to Aristotle and the Politics - Roberts, Jean 2009

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      4. Commentators on Aristotle on friendship. On Aristotle Nicomachean ethics 8 - Aspasius, Konstan, David, Michael of Ephesus 2001

        Book 

      5. Aristotle and the philosophy of friendship - Pangle, Lorraine Smith 2003

        Book  Chapter 1. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      6. Love and friendship in Plato and Aristotle - Price, A. W. 1989

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      7. Aristotle's philosophy of friendship - Stern-Gillet, Suzanne 1995

        Book 

  5. Week 5 - Tutorial 4: What did friendship mean to the Romans? 3 items
    1. Required Reading 1 item
      What is interesting about Cicero’s account of friendship? Can you single out a statement in the text that is especially thought-provoking? Can you spot differences between the account of friendship given by Plato, Aristotle and Plato?
      1. Other selves: philosophers on friendship - Michael Pakaluk 1991

        Book  Cicero on Friendship, pp. 77-116.

    2. Further Reading 2 items
      1. Other selves: philosophers on friendship - Michael Pakaluk 1991

        Book  Seneca on Friendship, pp. 117-130.

  6. Week 6 - Tutorial 5: To what extent was Christian friendship different from Aristotelian friendship? 4 items
    1. Required Reading 3 items
      What is the most interesting idea you manage to find in these texts? What sort of claims does Aquinas make that are at odd with the Aristotelian account of friendship? How important is the introduction of God in the discourse on friendship?
      1. Other selves: philosophers on friendship - Michael Pakaluk 1991

        Book  Aquinas on Christian Friendship, pp. 146-184.

      2. Or:

      3. Other selves: philosophers on friendship - Michael Pakaluk 1991

        Book  Aelred on Spiritual Friendship, pp. 131-145.

    2. Further Reading 1 item
      1. Aquinas on Friendship - Daniel Schwartz 2007 (electronic book)

        Book  This book is excellent and offers a comprehensive bibliography.

  7. Week 7 – Tutorial 6 : What happened to friendship in the early modern period? 8 items
    1. Required Reading 3 items
      1. On friendship - Michel de Montaigne, M. A. Screech 2004

        Book  Also in Pakaluk.

      2. Or:

      3. Other selves: philosophers on friendship - Michael Pakaluk 1991

        Book  Kant, pp. 208-217.

    2. Further Reading 5 items
      1. The Essays - Francis Bacon 1911

        Book  Look for the essay on friendship.

      2. Friendship in politics - Preston T. King, Graham Smith 2007

        Book 

      3. Friendship and Politics - Heather Devere, Graham M. Smith 2010

        Article 

      4. Love and friendship - Allan David Bloom 1993

        Book 

  8. Week 8 - Tutorial 7: Friendship and Peace 5 items
    1. Required Reading 1 item
    2. Further Reading 4 items
      1. Friendship in politics - Preston T. King, Graham Smith 2007

        Book 

  9. Week 9 - Tutorial 8: Is friendship always a good thing? Can Friendship undermine Justice? 10 items
    1. Required Reading 1 item
    2. Further Readings 9 items
      1. Partiality - Simon Keller 2013

        Book 

      2. Friendship reconsidered: what it means and how it matters to politics - Peter E. Digeser 2016

        Book  See especially the last two chapters. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. Friendship and international relations - Simon Koschut, Andrea Oelsner 2014

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      4. Politics of friendship - Jacques Derrida, George Collins 2005

        Book 

  10. Week 10 - Tutorial 9 3 items
    1. Required Reading 1 item
      1. Friendship reconsidered: what it means and how it matters to politics - Peter E. Digeser 2016

        Book  Read the last two chapters. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    2. Further Readings 2 items
      1. Friendship and Politics - Heather Devere, Graham M. Smith 2010

        Article 

  11. Week 11. Extended Office Hours for Individual Consultation 1 item
    1. No set readings.

  12. Basic Bibliography 30 items
    Also search the keyword 'friendship' in SAULCAT. The Library has a remarkable collection of books dealing with political friendship; below is only a very short list of available resources:
    1. Friendship and Politics - Heather Devere, Graham M. Smith 2010

      Article 

    2. Friendship reconsidered: what it means and how it matters to politics - Peter E. Digeser 2016

      Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    3. The challenge to friendship in modernity - Preston T. King, Heather Devere 2000

      Book 

    4. Friendship in politics - Preston T. King, Graham Smith 2007

      Book 

    5. Partiality - Simon Keller 2013

      Book 

    6. Friendship: a philosophical reader - Neera Kapur Badhwar 1993

      Book 

    7. Politics of friendship - Jacques Derrida, George Collins 2005

      Book 

    8. Friendship - A. C. Grayling 2013

      Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    9. Friendship in medieval Europe - Julian Haseldine 1999

      Book 

    10. Friendship and politics: essays in political thought - John von Heyking, Richard Avramenko 2008

      Book 

    11. Friendship - Maurice Blanchot, Elizabeth Rottenberg 1997

      Book 

    12. The four loves - C. S. Lewis 1977

      Book 

    13. Love and friendship - Allan David Bloom 1993

      Book 

    14. Friendship - Peter Murphy 1998

      Book 

    15. After virtue: a study in moral theory - Alasdair C. MacIntyre 2007

      Book 

  13. Extended Bibiography 92 items
    1. Background Reading in Political Theory 12 items
      There are a number of useful textbooks in the Library that discuss 'rights', 'liberty', 'equality', 'justice' and other 'ingredients' of the western understanding of 'liberal peace':
      1. Communitarianism and individualism - Avineri, Shlomo, De-Shalit, Avner 1992

        Book 

      2. Introduction to political theory - Hoffman, John, Graham, Paul 2006

        Book 

      3. Modern political thought - Plant, Raymond 1991

        Book 

      4. The challenge to friendship in modernity - Preston T. King, Heather Devere 2000

        Book 

      5. Friendship in politics - Preston T. King, Graham Smith 2007

        Book 

      6. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book 

      7. A companion to contemporary political philosophy - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip, Pogge, Thomas Winfried Menko 2007

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      8. Political theory and international relations - Beitz, Charles R. 1999

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    2. On Friendship 16 items
      1. The challenge to friendship in modernity - Preston T. King, Heather Devere 2000

        Book 

      2. Friendship in politics - King, Preston T., Smith, Graham 2007

        Book 

      3. Friendship: a philosophical reader - Badhwar, Neera Kapur 1993

        Book 

      4. Politics of friendship - Derrida, Jacques, Collins, George 2005

        Book 

      5. Friendship - Blanchot, Maurice, Rottenberg, Elizabeth 1997

        Book 

      6. The four loves - Lewis, C. S. 1977

        Book 

      7. Love and friendship - Bloom, Allan David 1993

        Book 

      8. Friendship - Murphy, Peter 1998

        Book 

    3. On Human Nature 11 items
      1. Political thought - Rosen, Michael, Wolff, Jonathan, McKinnon, Catriona 1999

        Book  Aristotle, 'The State Exists by Nature', pp. 7-11.

      2. Contemporary political philosophy: an introduction - Kymlicka, Will 2002

        Book  Chapter on 'Communitarianism'.

      3. Communitarianism and individualism - Avineri, Shlomo, De-Shalit, Avner 1992

        Book  D. Miller, 'Community and Citizenship', pp. 85-100.

      4. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  Pateman, 'The Fraternal Social Contract', pp. 45-49.

      5. Modern political thought - Plant, Raymond 1991

        Book  Chapter 2.

      6. Ten theories of human nature - Stevenson, Leslie Forster, Haberman, David L. 2004

        Book 

      7. Seven theories of human nature - Stevenson, Leslie Forster 1987

        Book 

      8. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  C. Taylor, 'Invoking Civil Society', pp. 66-77.

      9. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  David Held, 'Democracy: From City-states to a Cosmopolitan Oder?', pp. 78-101.

      10. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  Jon Elster, 'The Market and the Forum: Three Variaties of Political Theory', pp. 128-142.

    4. On Justice 18 items
      1. Communitarianism and individualism - Avineri, Shlomo, De-Shalit, Avner 1992

        Book  A. MacIntyre, 'Justice as a virtue: Changing Conceptions', pp. 51-64.

      2. After virtue: a study in moral theory - MacIntyre, Alasdair C. 2007

        Book 

      3. Communitarianism and individualism - Avineri, Shlomo, De-Shalit, Avner 1992

        Book  M. Walzer, 'Membership', pp. 65-84.

      4. Contemporary social philosophy - Graham, Gordon 1988

        Book 

      5. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  John Rawls,' Justice as fairness', pp. 187-202.

      6. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  Robert Nozick, 'Distributive Justice', pp. 203-246.

      7. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  M. Sandel, 'The Procedural Republic and the Unencumbered Self', pp. 247-255.

      8. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  Iris M. Joung, 'Polity and Group Difference: a Critique of the Ideal of Universal Citizenship', pp. 256-272.

      9. A theory of justice - Rawls, John 1999

        Book  Chapters 1, 2 and 3.

      10. Political liberalism - Rawls, John 2005

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      11. Anarchy, state and Utopia - Nozick, Robert 1974

        Book 

      12. Justice - Ryan, Alan 1993

        Book 

      13. Justice - Ryan, Alan 1993

        Book  F.A. von Hayek, 'Social or Distributive Justice', pp. 117-158.

      14. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  M. Minow, 'Justice engendered', pp. 504-524.

      15. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  B. Barry, 'Humanity and Justice in Global Perspective', pp. 525-540.

    5. On Rights 12 items
      1. Communitarianism and individualism - Avineri, Shlomo, De-Shalit, Avner 1992

        Book  C. Taylor, 'Atomism', pp. 29-50.

      2. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  H. L. A. Hart, 'Are there any natural Rights?', pp. 320-327.

      3. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  R. Dworkin, 'Taking Rights seriously', pp. 328-340.

      4. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  Henry Shue, 'Basic Rights', pp. 341-355.

      5. Justice - Ryan, Alan 1993

        Book  S. Lukes, 'Justice and Rights', pp. 164-184.

      6. A companion to contemporary political philosophy - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip, Pogge, Thomas Winfried Menko 2007

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. J. Waldron, 'Rights', pp. 575-585.

      7. International human rights - Donnelly, Jack 1993

        Book 

      8. The concept of human rights - Donnelly, Jack 1985

        Book 

      9. Rights of man - Paine, Thomas, Foner, Eric, Collins, Henry 1984

        Book  Any edition.

      10. Vindication of the rights of woman - Wollstonecraft, Mary, Kramnick, Miriam Brody 1985

        Book  Any edition.

    6. On Liberty 10 items
      1. British philosophy 1600-1900. John Stuart Mill. On Liberty - Mill, John Stuart 1995 (electronic book)

        Book  Any edition.

      2. On liberty - Mill, John Stuart 2010

        Book  Any edition.

      3. Liberty - Miller, David 1991

        Book 

      4. Studies in philosophy, politics and economics - Hayek, Friedrich A. von 1967

        Book  F. A. Hayek, 'The Principles of a Liberal Social Order'.

      5. Self-ownership, freedom, and equality - Cohen, Gerald Allan 1995

        Book 

      6. Contemporary political philosophy: an introduction - Kymlicka, Will 2002

        Book  Especially chapters 3 and 4.

      7. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  I. Berlin, 'Two Concepts of Liberty', pp. 391-417.

      8. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  C. Taylor, 'What’s wrong with Negative Liberty?', pp. 418-428.

      9. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  G. A. Cohen, 'The structure of proletarian Unfreedom', pp. 429-445.

      10. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  J. Waldron, 'Homelessness and the issue of freedom', pp. 446-462.

    7. On Equality 13 items
      1. Equality and partiality - Nagel, Thomas 1991

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  Bernard Williams, 'The Idea of Equality', pp. 465-475.

      3. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  A. Sen, 'Equality of what?', pp. 476-486.

      4. Contemporary political philosophy: an anthology - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip 1997

        Book  M. Walzer, 'Complex Equality', pp. 487-503.

      5. A companion to contemporary political philosophy - Goodin, Robert E., Pettit, Philip, Pogge, Thomas Winfried Menko 2007

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. R. Arneson, 'Equality', pp. 489-508.

      6. Modern political thought - Plant, Raymond 1991

        Book  Chapter on 'Needs', pp. 184-220.

      7. Self-ownership, freedom, and equality - Cohen, Gerald Allan 1995

        Book 

      8. Equality: selected readings - Pojman, Louis P., Westmoreland, Robert 1997

        Book 

      9. Equality: selected readings - Pojman, Louis P., Westmoreland, Robert 1997

        Book  R. M. Hare, 'Justice and Equality', pp. 218-228.

      10. Equality: selected readings - Pojman, Louis P., Westmoreland, Robert 1997

        Book  J. R. Lucas, 'Against Equality', pp. 104-111.

      11. Equality: selected readings - Pojman, Louis P., Westmoreland, Robert 1997

        Book  G. Vlastos, 'Justice and Equality', pp.120-136.

      12. Equality: selected readings - Pojman, Louis P., Westmoreland, Robert 1997

        Book  S. I. Benn, 'Egalitarianism and the equal consideration of interests', pp. 112-119.

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