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  1. Accessing Library materials 1 item
    1. Tutorial readings and readings relating to the essay questions will be in heavy demand. To help improve the availability of materials we have:

       

           •     recommended one primary text for you to purchase;
           •     purchased electronic books and journals where available (use the blue online resource button on the right of the online reading list to access each of these items);
           •     asked the Library to make digital copies of individual chapters where possible (you will need to login with your University username and password to access the pdf documents);
           •     requested that copies of items only available in print are made available in the short loan collection (4-hour loan periods or overnight).

       

      If you are unable to obtain an item on your reading list, and to ensure you read widely when preparing your essays, you should also look for your own materials in the Library.

       

      If you are unsure how to search for additional information, the following short videos can help:

       

           •     Using SAULCAT – the Library catalogue to find books
           •     Using SEEKER – the Library search system to find journal articles

       

      If you need help or have any problems accessing readings, you can contact the Library directly at library@st-andrews.ac.uk.

  2. Book to buy 1 item
    For this module purchase a copy of:
    1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

      Book Suggested for student purchase

  3. Week 1: No tutorial meeting, lectures only 1 item
    1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

      Book  You are strongly encouraged to read chapters 1-5, in order to locate foreign-policy analysis in the context of the International Relations theoretical approaches.

  4. Week 2: Foreign policy making and comparative politics 8 items
    1. Questions for consideration in tutorial:

       

           •     What does it mean to study politics comparatively? What can be learned from comparing political systems?
           •     How does the study of domestic politics help us understand foreign policy?
           •     Are the theories of international relations studied in 1005 of relevance for understanding domestic politics and foreign policy analysis?

    2. Required readings 2 items
      1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

        Book  Chapter 6.

      2. The Analysis of Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective - Juliet Kaarbo, Jeffrey S. Lantis, Ryan K. Beasley

        Chapter  Digitised.

    3. Supplemental readings 5 items
      1. Foreign policy in the twenty-first century - Christopher Hill 2015

        Book  Chapters 1 (digitised) and 2.

      2. Comparative politics: interests, identities, and institutions in a changing global order - Kopstein, Jeffrey, Lichbach, Mark Irving 2000

        Book  Read pp. 1-36 (digitised).

      3. Essentials of comparative politics - O'Neil, Patrick H. 2007

        Book  Chapters 1 (digitised) and 2.

      4. Comparative politics: an introduction - Calvert, Peter 2002

        Book  Chapter 1 (digitised).

  5. Week 3: Institutions and diplomacy 28 items
    1. Questions for consideration in tutorial:

       

           •     Are pluralist elites better than single party elites at formulating foreign policy?
           •     What examples can you give of foreign policy decisions that were strongly influenced by bureaucratic politics (in both negative and positive ways)?
           •     How convincing are the claims made for 'soft power'?
           •     What do diplomats do? How has their role changed from the 19th to the 21st centuries?
           •     How important is diplomacy for foreign policy in the 21st century? Do we still need diplomats?
           •     How does diplomacy 'constitute' the international society of states?

    2. Required readings 3 items
      1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

        Book  Chapters 8, 9 and 10.

      2. Public Diplomacy - Geoff Berridge

        Chapter  Digitised.

      3. The Changing Nature of Power - Joseph S. Nye

        Chapter  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    3. Supplemental readings 24 items
      1. Essence of decision: explaining the Cuban missile crisis - Allison, Graham T., Zelikow, Philip 1999

        Book  Chapters 1 and 2.

      2. Diplomacy: theory and practice - Geoff Berridge 2015

        Book  Previous editions also available in the Library.

      3. On the Manner of Negotiating with Princes - François de Callières

        Chapter  Available in the Library and online via Internet Archive.

      4. Foreign Policy Analysis in 20/20: A Symposium - Jean A. Garrison, Juliet Kaarbo, Douglas Foyle, Mark Schafer and Eric K. Stern 2003

        Article 

      5. The 1st edition is also available as an e-book:

      6. Foreign policy in the twenty-first century - Christopher Hill 2015

        Book  Chapters 3, 4 and 9.

      7. The dynamics of diplomacy - Jean-Robert Leguey-Feilleux 2009

        Book 

      8. Politics among nations: the struggle for power and peace - Morgenthau, Hans J., Thompson, Kenneth W., Clinton, W. David 2006

        Book  Chapters 31-32, 'Diplomacy' and 'The Future of Diplomacy'. Earlier editions are also available in the Library.

      9. The new diplomacy - Riordan, Shaun 2003

        Book 

      10. Diplomacy: the dialogue between states - Watson, Adam 1991

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. Chapters 1, 2, 5 and 12.

  6. Week 4: Foreign policy making, rational actors and alternative models 22 items
    1. Questions for consideration in tutorial:

       

           •     What is 'Foreign Policy' anyway?
           •     Who makes foreign policy decisions?
           •     How 'rational' are foreign policy decisions?
           •     Do states have a say in what they do?

    2. Required readings 3 items
      1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

        Book  Chapters 7 and 11.

    3. Supplemental readings 18 items
      1. Essence of decision: explaining the Cuban missile crisis - Allison, Graham T., Zelikow, Philip 1999

        Book  Chapters 1 and 2.

      2. Foreign Policy Analysis in 20/20: A Symposium - Jean A. Garrison, Juliet Kaarbo, Douglas Foyle, Mark Schafer and Eric K. Stern 2003

        Article 

      3. Beyond groupthink: political group dynamics and foreign policy-making - Paul 't Hart, Eric K. Stern, Bengt Sundelius 1997

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      4. Foreign policy in the twenty-first century - Christopher Hill 2015

        Book  Chapters 3 and 5.

      5. Foreign policy analysis: continuity and change in its second generation - Neack, Laura, Hey, Jeanne A. K., Haney, Patrick Jude 1995

        Book  Chapters by Rosati (4), Shimko (5), and Hermann (15).

      6. Foreign policy decision-making (revisited) - Snyder, Richard Carlton (et al.) 2002

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

  7. Week 5: African foreign policies 15 items
    1. Questions for consideration in tutorial:

       

           •     What are the major security threats that African states face?
           •     Who is in charge of African foreign policies?
           •     How much agency do African states have vis-à-vis extra-continental actors?
           •     How important is regional integration for understanding African foreign policies?
           •     What does it take to be a 'regional hegemon' in Africa?
           •     What are the main similarities and differences in the foreign policies of Nigeria and Rwanda?

    2. Required readings 4 items
    3. Supplemental readings 10 items
      1. African agency in international politics - William Brown, Sophie Harman 2013

        Book 

      2. Regions and powers: the structure of international security - Barry Buzan, Ole Wæver 2003

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. Chapter 8.

      3. Inside African politics - Pierre Englebert, Kevin C. Dunn 2013

        Book  Chapter 8 (digitised).

      4. African foreign policies: power and process - Gilbert M. Khadiagala, Terrence Lyons 2001

        Book 

      5. Remaking Rwanda: state building and human rights after mass violence - Scott Straus 2011

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. Introduction and chapter 8.

      6. African foreign policies - Stephen Wright 1998

        Book 

  8. Week 6: Great powers – United States of America 22 items
    1. Questions for consideration in tutorial:

       

           •     Who makes US foreign policy?
           •     Is US foreign policy democratic?
           •     How do Isolationism, Interventionism, Idealism and Realism influence or determine US foreign policy?
           •     What impact has the paradigm shift from Cold War to post-Cold War world had on US foreign policy?
           •     To what extent is the President imperial in US foreign policy making?

    2. Required readings 3 items
      1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

        Book  Chapter 16.

      2. US foreign policy since 1945 - Alan P. Dobson, Steve Marsh 2006

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. Chapters 1 and 9.

      3. The Domestic Context - Bruce W. Jentleson

        Chapter  Digtised.

    3. Supplemental readings 18 items
      1. Essence of decision: explaining the Cuban missile crisis - Allison, Graham T., Zelikow, Philip 1999

        Book 

      2. Obama and the Middle East - Gerges, Fawaz A. 2012

        Book 

      3. Explaining the history of American foreign relations - Hogan, Michael J., Paterson, Thomas G. 2004

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      4. American foreign policy: history, politics, and policy - Papp, Daniel S., Johnson, Loch K., Endicott, John E. 2005

        Book 

      5. New directions in US foreign policy - Parmar, Inderjeet, Miller, Linda B., Ledwidge, Mark 2009

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      6. The Ashgate research companion to US foreign policy - Pauly, Robert J. 2010

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      7. The imperial Presidency - Arthur Meier Schlesinger 1973

        Book 

      8. The tragedy of American diplomacy - William Appleman Williams 2009

        Book 

  9. Week 7: Middle powers – Germany 20 items
    1. Questions for consideration in tutorial:

       

           •     Did Germany win the cold war?
           •     How has German history influenced current foreign policy?
           •     How does German foreign policy interact with its neighbours in the European Union?
           •     Is there a new German Problem evolving in Europe?
           •     What are the cornerstones of German foreign policy and how have they changed over time?

    2. Essential readings 4 items
      1. Coming of age: German foreign policy since 1945 - Helga Haftendorn 2006

        Book  Introduction, chapter 1 and conclusions. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    3. Supplemental readings 15 items
      1. The United States and Germany in the era of the Cold War, 1945-1990: a handbook, Vol. 2: 1968-1990 - Detlef Junker, Philipp Gassert, Wilfried Mausbach, David B. Morris 2004 (electronic book)

        Book 

      2. The paradox of German power - Hans Kundnani 2015

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. Germany's uncertain power: foreign policy of the Berlin Republic - Hanns Maull 2006

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      4. Germany, Russia, and the rise of geo-economics - Stephen F. Szabo 2014

        Book  Chapter 1 and conclusions. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      5. Parting ways: the crisis in German-American relations - Stephen F. Szabo 2004

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

  10. Week 8: Rising powers – India 25 items
    1. Questions for consideration in tutorial:

       

           •     What is the historical and contemporary significance of South Asia to global politics?
           •     Is India South Asia's 'natural' hegemon? How does this impact upon regional security dynamics?
           •     What bilateral and multilateral institutions are most important to Indian foreign policy? Are these effective?

    2. Required readings 3 items
      1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

        Book  Chapter 18.

      2. Indian foreign policy: ambition and transition - Chris Ogden 2014

        Book  Read 'Overview, Principles and Themes' and chapter 1, 'Makers of Foreign Policy'. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. India's foreign policy: retrospect and prospect - Sumit Ganguly 2010

        Book  Read chapter 1, 'The Genesis of Nonalignment' by Ganguly and chapter 2, 'India-Pakistan Relations: Between War and Peace' by Basrur (both chapters digitised).

    3. Supplemental readings 21 items
  11. Week 9: Rising (or great?) powers – China 18 items
    1. Questions for consideration in tutorial:

       

           •     How has Chinese foreign policy changed over the last 50 years?
           •     How should we define the Chinese political and economic system? Is it fair to call them communist?
           •     How powerful is China in relation to other states in the East Asian region?
           •     Are state level or system-level theories most valuable in explaining Chinese foreign policy?

    2. Required readings 4 items
      1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

        Book  Chapter 17.

    3. Supplemental readings 13 items
      1. China rising: power and motivation in Chinese foreign policy - Yong Deng, Fei-Ling Wang 2005

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. New directions in the study of China's foreign policy - Alastair I. Johnston, Robert S. Ross 2006

        Book 

      3. China and international institutions: alternate paths to global power - Marc Lanteigne 2005

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      4. China's New Diplomacy - Evan S. Medeiros, M. Taylor Fravel 2003

        Article 

  12. Week 10: Great powers – Russia 22 items
    1. Questions for consideration in tutorial:

           •     What differentiates contemporary Russian foreign policy from Soviet foreign policy?
           •     What role does nationalism play in the construction of Russian foreign policy?
           •     How important is a strong leader in the shaping of Russian foreign policy?

    2. Required readings 4 items
    3. Other Readings: 17 items
      1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

        Book  Chapter 23.

      2. Russian foreign policy: interests, vectors, and sectors - Nikolas K. Gvosdev, Christopher Marsh 2014

        Book 

      3. The Foreign policy of the Russian Federation - Roger E. Kanet, Alexander V. Kozhemiakin 1997

        Book 

      4. Vladimir Putin and the evolution of Russian foreign policy - Bobo Lo 2003

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      5. Internal factors in Russian foreign policy - Neil Malcolm, Alex Pravda, Roy Allison, Margot Light 1996

        Book 

      6. The foreign policy of Russia: changing systems, enduring interests - Robert H. Donaldson, Joseph L. Nogee, Vidya Nadkarni 2015

        Book 

      7. Ukraine crisis: what it means for the West - Andrew Wilson 2014

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      8. Europe-Asia Studies - Volume 64, Issue 3 2012

        Journal  Special issue on 'Russia and the World'.

      9. Problems of Post-Communism, Volume 62, Issue 2 2015

        Journal  Special Issue on 'Making Sense of Russian Foreign Policy'.

  13. Week 11: The politics and foreign policy of divided states – Syria 23 items
    There are no tutorials in Week 11. These readings are to support the Week 10 lectures and are provided for essay research, study and exam revision.
    1. Questions for consideration:

       

           •     What role has state formation played in limiting foreign policy strategies of Middle Eastern states?
           •     What ideological factors influence Syrian foreign policy making?
           •     In what way has the crisis since 2011 affected Syrian foreign policy decisions?
           •     How and in what ways is foreign policy in the Middle East different from other regions?
           •     'Divided states have no foreign policy'. Is this true?

    2. Required readings 5 items
      1. Foreign policy: theories, actors, cases - Steve Smith, Amelia Hadfield, Timothy Dunne 2016

        Book  Chapter 24.

      2. Syria - Raymond Hinnebusch

        Chapter  Digitised.

    3. Supplemental readings 17 items
      1. State, power and politics in the making of the modern Middle East - Roger Owen 2004

        Book  Chapters 1-2. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. State formation and identity in the Middle East and North Africa - Kenneth Christie, Mohammad Masad 2013

        Book  Chapters 1 (digitised) and 2.

      3. The Syrian uprising: dynamics of an insurgency - Carsten Wieland, Adam Almqvist, Helena Nassif 2013

        Book 

      4. Also look at reports from International Crisis Group and Carnegie Middle East Center for details of current events:

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