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This list relates to the 2017-18 which ended on 18/08/2018
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  1. Key texts 3 items
    This module requires familiarity with these central books, all of which are in paperback and are available for purchase in the University bookstore and elsewhere.
    1. Terrorism: how to respond - Richard English 2009

      Book 

  2. Week 1: Terrorism Versus Democracy: An Historical Overview (Dr Tim Wilson) 33 items
    1. Should we see democracies as uniquely vulnerable to the threat of political violence? 2. Should we be surprised by how often terrorism is treated as an existential threat in contemporary (Western) liberal democracies? 3. Do terrorists, as George W. Bush claimed, simply “hate our freedoms: our freedom of religion, our freedom of speech, our freedom to vote and assemble and disagree with each other”? 4. What, if anything, can the fall of the Weimar Republic still teach us about why and when democracies fail?
    1. Required Reading: 2 items
      1. Terrorism and the liberal state - Paul Wilkinson 1986

        Book  Additional copies of the first edition available at classmark JC328.6W5.

    2. Recommended Reading: 31 items
      1. The Western State: A Peculiar Development? 3 items
        1. Terrorism and the State - H. Haupt, K. Weinhauer

          Chapter 

      2. Case Study: 20th Century Germany 12 items
        1. The Baader-Meinhof complex - Stefan Aust, Anthea Bell (trans.) 2008

          Book 

        2. Terror and Democracy in West Germany - Karrin Hanshew 2012 (electronic book)

          Book 

        3. Führer-ex: memoirs of a former neo-Nazi - Ingo Hasselbach, Tom Reiss 1996

          Book 

        4. Fascists - Michael Mann 2004

          Book  Especially chapter 4. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

        5. The Nazis: a warning from history - Laurence Rees 2005

          Book  Chapter 1.

      3. The Contemporary Crisis 7 items
        1. Fascists - Michael Mann 2004

          Book  Especially chapter 10. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      4. Democracy and Terrorism 9 items
        1. Does terrorism work?: a history - Richard English 2016

          Book 

        2. Inside Terrorism (3rd ed.) - Bruce Hoffman 2017

          Book 

        3. Inside Terrorism (2nd ed.) - Bruce Hoffman 2006

          Book  Available in the Library and as e-book

        4. Terrorism versus democracy: the liberal state response - Paul Wilkinson 2011

          Book  Available in the Library and as e-book.

  3. Week 2: Terrorism in the United Kingdom (Dr Nick Brooke) 20 items
    1. How has the threat of terrorism to the United Kingdom changed over time? 2. How the United Kingdom’s response to terrorism changed over time? 3. Assess the impact of …. on the United Kingdom’s response to terrorism a. The Lockerbie Bombing b. July 7th Attacks c. The killing of Lee Rigby
    1. Required Reading: 6 items
      1. The Threat of terrorism - Juliet Lodge 1988

        Book  Chapter 2 (digitised).

    2. Recommended Reading: 14 items
      1. Extremists in our midst: confronting terror - Abdul Haqq Baker 2011

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Defending the realm?: the politics of Britain's small wars since 1945 - Aaron Edwards 2012

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

  4. Week 3: How Should States Respond to Terrorism? (Dr Mark Currie) 27 items
    1. What have been the most serious errors in historical and contemporary state responses to terrorism? 2. What are the main elements comprising states’ likely best response to terrorism? 3. Have liberal democracies responded more, or less, effectively than other types of regime in dealing with non-state terrorism? 4. How significant has state sponsorship of terrorist groups been within the history of terrorism?
    1. Required Reading: 3 items
      1. Terrorism: how to respond - Richard English 2009

        Book  Chapter 4 (digitised).

      2. What terrorists want: understanding the terrorist threat - Louise Richardson 2007

        Book  Chapters 7 (digitised) and 8.

      3. Terrorism versus democracy: the liberal state response - Paul Wilkinson 2011

        Book  Chapters 6 to 13. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    2. Recommended Reading: 24 items
      1. Jihad and just war in the war on terror - Alia Brahimi 2010

        Book  Available in the Library and as e-book.

      2. Deadly connections: states that sponsor terrorism - Daniel Byman 2005

        Book  Available in the Library and as e-book.

      3. A high price: the triumphs and failures of Israeli counterterrorism - Daniel Byman 2011

        Book  Available in the Library and as e-book.

      4. The cost of counterterrorism: power, politics, and liberty - Laura K. Donohue 2008

        Book  Available in the Library and as e-book.

      5. Illusions of terrorism and counter-terrorism - Richard English 2015

        Book  Introduction.

      6. Does terrorism work?: a history - Richard English 2016

        Book 

      7. Liberty and security - C. A. Gearty 2013

        Book 

      8. Inside Terrorism (2nd ed.) - Bruce Hoffman 2006

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      9. Inside Terrorism (3rd ed.) - Bruce Hoffman 2017

        Book 

      10. Terror, security, and money: balancing the risks, benefits, and costs of homeland security - John E. Mueller, Mark G. Stewart 2011

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      11. Securing the state - David Omand 2010

        Book 

  5. Week 4: Liberal Democratic Responses to Domestic Terrorism: The UK in Northern Ireland (Dr Kieran McConaghy) 39 items
    1. To what extent can the UK be thought of as a ‘liberal democratic’ state over the course of the Northern Ireland conflict? 2. Did British counter-terrorism ultimately defeat the IRA? 3. What elements of the UK’s response to terrorism in Northern Ireland were the most effective? 4. What elements of the UK’s response to terrorism in Northern Ireland were the most counter-productive?
    1. Required Reading: 4 items
    2. Recommended Reading: 35 items
      1. The IRA and armed struggle - Rogelio Alonso, Andrew Read 2007

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Defending the realm?: the politics of Britain's small wars since 1945 - Aaron Edwards 2012

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. The crowned harp: policing Northern Ireland - Jim Smyth, Graham Ellison 2000

        Book 

      4. Irish freedom: the history of nationalism in Ireland - Richard English 2007

        Book  Introduction and chapter 6.

      5. Policing Northern Ireland: conflict, legitimacy and reform - Aogán Mulcahy 2006

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      6. The Provisional Irish Republican Army and the morality of terrorism - Timothy Shanahan 2009

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      7. Loyalists - Peter Taylor 2000

        Book 

  6. Week 5: Transitioning to Democracy - ETA and the Spanish State (Dr Diego Muro) 21 items
    1. How does regime type affect terrorism? 2. Why would a terrorist group target a country undergoing a transition to democracy? 3. Why did ETA kill? 4. Why did ETA continue to kill after the transition years?
    1. Required Reading: 3 items
      1. ETA's terrorist campaign: from violence to politics, 1968-2015 - Rafael Leonisio, Fernando Molina, Diego Muro 2017

        Book  Chapter 2 (digitised).

    2. Recommended Reading: 18 items
      1. Terrorism In Dictatorships - Deniz Aksoy, David B. Carter, Joseph Wright 2012

        Article 

      2. Does democracy encourage terrorism? - William Lee Eubank, Leonard Weinberg 1994

        Article 

      3. Spanish politics: democracy after dictatorship - Omar Guillermo Encarnación 2008

        Book 

      4. Democracy in modern Spain - Richard Gunther, José R. Montero, Juan Botella 2004

        Book 

      5. The making of the Basque nation - Marianne Heiberg 1989

        Book 

  7. Week 6: Consociational Democracy in Deeply Divided Societies (Dr Tim Wilson) 21 items
    1) How far should we take ethnic division as a given? 2) Do enforced power-sharing agreements in divided societies exacerbate the very conflicts they aim to manage? 3) Should we aim for conflict management or conflict resolution in deeply divided societies? 4) How can consociationalist settlements be made more flexible to evolve with changing circumstances?
    1. Required Reading: 2 items
    2. Recommended Reading: 19 items
      1. Politics in deeply divided societies - Adrian Guelke 2012

        Book  Chapter 7. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Halpern, Sue. 1986. 'The Disorderly Universe of Consociationalism', West European Politics 9:2.

        Copy on order for the Library.

      3. Ethnic groups in conflict - Donald L. Horowitz 2000

        Book  Particularly chapter 14.

      4. Northern Ireland 3 items
      5. Lebanon 4 items
  8. Week 7: The Democratic Frontline: the ongoing ‘Global War on Terrorism’ (Guest Lecture/Seminar with Professor Bruce Hoffman) 6 items
    1) Why has the so-called War on Terror gone on so long? 2) Do democracies have an in-built attention deficit when it comes to combating terrorism? 3) ‘Although there is a world of difference between driving a truck through a holiday crowd on a promenade in Nice and laying waste to the Twin Towers and severely damaging the Pentagon, the impact is no longer completely dissimilar’ (Bruce Hoffman). Why?
    1. Required Reading: 6 items
      1. Inside Terrorism (3rd ed.) - Bruce Hoffman 2017

        Book  Chapters 6 & 7, pp. 182-241; Section on Al-Qaeda and conclusions, pp. 314-331.

      2. The Islamic State and the New Tribalism - Jeffrey Kaplan, Christopher P. Costa 2015

        Article 

  9. Week 8: The United States and its Discontents (Dr Tim Wilson) 27 items
    1) Should we be more surprised at the sheer amount of violence in American public life, or by how rarely it has impacted significantly upon political stability? 2) ‘.. [plastic explosives] are absolutely the grooviest explosive available’ [Abbie Hoffman, Steal This Book]. Why was the American New Left’s flirtation with terrorism after 1969 so half-hearted? 3) Why did 20th century white supremacist violence evolve away from lynchings into more ‘terroristic’ directions such as bombings and assassination? 4) With the exception of the 9/11 catastrophe, why has jihadist violence in the USA been such a limited and sporadic phenomenon?
    1. Required Reading: 1 item
      1. Reflections on Violence in the United States - Richard Hofstadter

        Chapter  Available in the Library and online via Google Books

    2. Recommended Reading: 26 items
      1. Overview Accounts 4 items
        1. The Early 20th century Anarchist Challenge

      2. Racial Tensions 6 items
      3. The Vietnam Era and Its Discontents 5 items
      4. Guns and their Enthusiasts 2 items
      5. Right-Wing Extremism 2 items
      6. Jihadism 7 items
        1. M. McPhee, Maximum Harm: The Tsarnaev Brothers, the FBI, and the Road to the Marathon Bombing (Fore edge, 2017)

          Copy on order for the Library. 

        2. The Atlantic Divide - Marc Sageman

          Chapter 

  10. Week 9: International Organisations and Co-operation (Dr Bernhard Blumenau) 17 items
    1. Why did international antiterrorism measures only really start to materialise in the 1970s? 2. What’s the advantage of the sectoral approach to international antiterrorism efforts? 3. What organisations are more successful in dealing with terrorism and why? 4. Do we need a comprehensive antiterrorism convention at the UN level? Are multilateral efforts useful at all?
    1. Required Reading: 5 items
      1. The United Nations and terrorism: Germany, multilateralism, and antiterrorism efforts in the 1970s - Bernhard Blumenau 2014

        Book  Conclusions. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    2. Recommended Reading: 12 items
      1. EU counter-terrorism and intelligence: a critical assessment - Javier Argomaniz, Oldrich Bures, Christian Kaunert 2016

        Book 

      2. The EU and counter-terrorism: politics, polity and policies after 9/11 - Javier Argomaniz 2011

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. Terrorism and the UN: before and after September 11 - Jane Boulden, Thomas George Weiss 2004

        Book 

  11. Week 10: Liberal Democracies, Terrorism and Organised Crime (Dr Peter Lehr) 15 items
    1. Is the ‘nexus’ between terrorism and (transnational) organized crime overstated? 2. Under which political constellations does cooperation between terrorism and (transnational) organized crime emerge? 3. Which types of (transnational) organized crime can easily go together with what kind of terrorism? 4. Are there ‘hybrid’ organisations, such as ‘narco-terrorism’ for example? 5. Which element is dominant in the long run: the political-ideological one, or the criminal-material one?
    1. Required Reading: 4 items
      1. Terrorism and Organized Crime - Frank Bovenkerk, Bashir Abu Chakra 2004

        Article 

    2. Recommended Reading: 11 items
  12. Week 11: Evaluating CONTEST: An Evolving Strategy in a Dynamic Threat Environment (Guest Session with Sir David Veness) 3 items
    1. What is the strategic logic behind the UK’s CONTEST Strategy? 2. How has CONTEST evolved in the light of the 2017 attacks? 3. How does CONTEST compare to equivalent strategies in other (broadly equivalent) liberal democracies?
    1. A revamped version of CONTEST is due to be published by the UK government in the spring of 2018. This session will therefore offer a timely opportunity to get an expert evaluation of its strengths and weaknesses.

       

      Further advice on reading will therefore follow in due course, but the following items will provide invaluable context:

    2. Securing the state - David Omand 2010

      Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

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