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  1. General Bibliography for Roman Britain 217 items
    1. 1. Pre-Roman Iron Age 5 items
      1. Coins and power in late Iron Age Britain - John Creighton 2000

        Book  Available in the library and as an e-book.

      2. Book of Iron Age Britain - Barry W. Cunliffe 1995

        Book 

    2. 2. General Roman Britain 33 items
      1. The people of Roman Britain - Anthony Birley 1979

        Book 

      2. A companion to Roman Britain - Peter A. Clayton 1980

        Book 

      3. The archaeology of Roman Britain - R. G. Collingwood 1930

        Book 

      4. An autobiography - R. G. Collingwood 1978

        Book 

      5. The archaeology of Roman Britain - R. G. Collingwood, Ian Archibald Richmond 1969

        Book 

      6. Britannia: a history of Roman Britain - Sheppard Frere 987

        Book  Earlier edition available in the main library at classmark: DA145.F8F74

      7. Roman Britain from the air - Sheppard Frere, J. K. S. St Joseph 1983

        Book 

      8. R. Hobbes and R. Jackson Roman Britain: Life at the Edge of Empire, London 2010 (suggested for student purchase)

      9. B. Hofmann, The Roman Invasion of Britain. Archaeology versus History, Barnsley, 2013

      10. Roman Britain: a sourcebook - S. Ireland 1996

        Book Suggested for student purchase

      11. An atlas of Roman Britain - Barri Jones, D. J. Mattingly 2002

        Book 

      12. Britain in the Roman Empire - Joan Liversidge 1968

        Book 

      13. An imperial possession: Britain in the Roman Empire, 54 BC-AD 409 - D. J. Mattingly 2007

        Book Suggested for student purchase (the latest general study, now in paperback)

      14. Roman Britain - Martin Millett 2005

        Book 

      15. Roman Britain - Great Britain. Ordnance Survey 2016 (cartographic material)

        Book Suggested for student purchase

      16. Roman Britain - T. W. Potter 1983

        Book 

      17. Roman Britain - T. W. Potter, Catherine Johns 1992

        Book 

      18. The coinage of Roman Britain - Richard Reece 2002

        Book 

      19. The place-names of Roman Britain - A. L. F. Rivet, Colin Smith 1979

        Book 

      20. The Oxford illustrated history of Roman Britain - Peter Salway 1993

        Book Suggested for student purchase (or the later, text-only version 2001)

      21. P. Salway, Roman Britain. A Very Short Introduction, Oxford, 2000 (suggested for student purchase)

      22. Roman Britain - John Wacher 1978

        Book 

      23. The coming of Rome - John Wacher 1979

        Book 

      24. A guide to the Roman remains in Britain - Roger J. A. Wilson 2002

        Book  (THE guide for visiting sites on the ground, with an excellent bibliography) – the book known as ‘Wislon’!)

    3. 3. History and Administration 12 items
      1. The Fasti of Roman Britain - Anthony Birley 1981

        Book 

      2. Hadrian: the restless emperor - Anthony Birley 1997

        Book  Available in the library and as an e-book.

      3. The Roman government of Britain - Anthony Birley 2005 (electronic book)

        Book 

      4. Carausius and Allectus: the British usurpers - P. J. Casey, Roger S.O. Tomlin 1994

        Book  Available in the library and as an e-book.

      5. Boudica: iron age warrior queen - Richard Hingley 2004

        Book 

    4. 4. The Army and Military Frontiers 40 items
      1. Excavations at South Shields Roman Fort: Vol.1 - Paul T. Bidwell, Stephen Speak, R. J. Brickstock 1994

        Book 

      2. Roman Scotland: frontier country - David John Breeze 1996

        Book 

      3. The frontiers of Imperial Rome - David John Breeze 2011

        Book 

      4. Hadrian's Wall - David John Breeze, Brian Dobson 2000

        Book 

      5. Roman fortresses and their legions: [papers in honour of George C. Boon] - Richard J. Brewer, National Museums & Galleries of Wales 2000

        Book 

      6. Handbook to the Roman Wall - John Collingwood Bruce 1966

        Book 

      7. J.L. Davies and R.H. Jones, Roman Camps in Wales and the Marches, Cardiff, 2006

      8. Rome's north-west frontier: the Antonine Wall - W. S. Hanson, Gordon Maxwell 1983

        Book 

      9. Hadrian's Wall: a life - Richard Hingley 2012

        Book  Available in the library and as an e-book.

      10. Hadrian's Wall: archaeology and history at the limit of Rome's empire - Nick Hodgson 2017

        Book Suggested for student purchase

      11. The Roman army in Britain - P. A. Holder 1982

        Book 

      12. Late Roman fortifications - Stephen Johnson 1983

        Book 

      13. Architecture in Roman Britain - Peter Johnson, Ian Haynes 1996

        Book 

      14. Roman camps in Scotland - Rebecca H. Jones 2011

        Book 

      15. Roman camps in Britain - Rebecca H. Jones 2012

        Book 

      16. The late Roman army - Pat Southern, Karen Ramsey Dixon 1996

        Book 

      17. Roman camps in England: The field archaeology - Humphrey Welfare, Vivien Swan 1995

        Book 

    5. 5. Urbanisation 10 items
      1. The buildings of Roman Britain - Guy De la Bédoyère 1991

        Book 

      2. The small towns of Roman Britain - Barry C. Burnham, John Wacher 1990

        Book 

      3. Verulamium excavations - Sheppard Frere 1972-1983

        Book 

      4. The towns of Roman Britain - John Wacher 1975

        Book 

    6. 6. Villas, the Economy and the Countryside 21 items
      1. The landscape of Roman Britain - K. R. Dark, Petra Dark 1997

        Book 

      2. Villages in Roman Britain - Robin Hanley 2000

        Book 

      3. Architecture in Roman Britain - Peter Johnson, Ian Haynes 1996

        Book 

      4. Roman roads in Britain - Ivan Donald Margary 1973

        Book 

      5. G. W. Meates, The Lullingstone Roman Villa II, The Wall Paintings and Finds, 1983

      6. The Roman villa in Britain - A. L. F. Rivet 1969

        Book 

      7. Roman villas: a study in social structure - J. T. Smith, A. T. Adams 1997

        Book  Available in the library and as an e-book.

    7. 7. Art 26 items
      1. A. S. Anderson, Roman Military Tombstones, Princes Risborough, 1984

      2. Wales - R.J. Brewer 1985

        Book 

      3. J.C.N. Coulston, 'The stone sculptures', in R.J.A. Wilson (ed.), Roman Maryport and its Setting, Carlisle, 1997, 112-32

      4. Hadrian's Wall west of the North Tyne, and Carlisle - J.C. Coulson, E. J. Phillips 1988

        Book 

      5. Bath and the rest of Wessex - Barry Cunliffe, M. G. Fulford, British Academy 1982

        Book 

      6. Wall-painting in Roman Britain - Norman Davey, Roger Ling 1982

        Book 

      7. Roman sculpture from the Cotswold region with Devon and Cornwall - Martin Henig, Graham Webster, T. F. C. Blagg 1993

        Book 

      8. The art of Roman Britain - Martin Henig 1995

        Book 

      9. P. Johnson, Romano-British Mosaics, Princes Risborough, 1987 (Not in the University Library)

      10. An atlas of Roman Britain - Barri Jones, D. J. Mattingly 1990

        Book  220-224

      11. Scotland - L. J. F. Keppie, Beverley J. Arnold 1984

        Book 

      12. J. Laing, Art and Society in Roman Britain, Stroud, 1997

      13. Art in Roman Britain - J.M.C. Toynbee 1962

        Book 

      14. Yorkshire - Sergio Rinaldi Tufi 1983

        Book 

    8. 8. 4th century Silver Hoards 6 items
      1. The art of Roman Britain - Martin Henig 1995

        Book 

      2. Late Roman silver: the Traprain treasure in context - Fraser Hunter, K. S. Painter 2013

        Book 

      3. The Hoxne Late Roman Treasure - Catherine Johns, Roger Bland 1994

        Article 

      4. Wealth of the Roman world, AD 300-700 - J. P. C. Kent, K. S. Painter, British Museum 1977

        Book 

      5. J. Laing, Art and Society in Roman Britain, London, Stroud, 1997

      6. Silver picture plates of late Antiquity - J. Toynbee, K. Painter 1985

        Article 

    9. 9. Romano-British Ceramics 13 items
      1. The finds of Roman Britain - Guy De la Bédoyère 1989

        Book 

      2. G. Brodribb, Roman Brick and Tile, Gloucester, 1987

      3. An atlas of Roman Britain - Barri Jones, D. J. Mattingly 1990

        Book  220-224

      4. Amphorae and the Roman economy: an introductory guide - D. P. S. Peacock, D. F. Williams 1986

        Book 

      5. Roman pottery in Britain - Paul A. Tyers 1996

        Book 

    10. 10. Religion, Death and Burial 31 items
      1. Coventina's Well: a shrine on Hadrian's Wall - Lindsay Allason-Jones, Bruce McKay 1985

        Book 

      2. The buildings of Roman Britain - Guy De la Bédoyère 1991

        Book 

      3. Hadrian's Wall - David John Breeze, Brian Dobson 2000

        Book  (appendices on gods)

      4. J. Crow, Housesteads, London, 1985 (Not in the University Library)

      5. Roman Bath discovered - Barry Cunliffe 1971

        Book 

      6. The temple of Sulis Minerva at Bath: Vol. 1: The site - Barry Cunliffe, Peter Davenport, Verna Care 1985

        Book 

      7. The gods of Roman Britain - Miranda J. Green 2003

        Book 

      8. The gods of the Celts - Miranda J. Green 1986

        Book 

      9. Religion in Roman Britain - Martin Henig 1984

        Book  Available in the library and as an e-book.

      10. Mithras in Scotland: A Mithraeum at Inveresk (East Lothian) - Fraser Hunter, Martin Henig, Eberhard Sauer, John Gooder 2016

        Article 

      11. Temples in Roman Britain - Michael J. T. Lewis 1966

        Book 

      12. The curse tablets - R. S. Tomlin

        Chapter 

    11. 11. Late Roman Britain 20 items
      1. P. Barker (ed.), From Roman Viroconium to Medieval Wroxeter, Worcester, 1990 (Not in the University Library)

      2. The landscape of Roman Britain - K. R. Dark, Petra Dark 1997

        Book  (chap 7)

      3. The ending of Roman Britain - A. S. Esmonde Cleary 1989

        Book  Later edition available at Mediaeval History and Classics dept libraries at classmark: DA145.E86G00 .

      4. The Saxon shore - D. E. Johnston 1977

        Book 

      5. Later Roman Britain - Stephen Johnson 1980

        Book 

      6. The end of Roman Britain - Michael Eugene Jones 1996

        Book 

      7. An atlas of Roman Britain - Barri Jones, D. J. Mattingly 2002

        Book 

      8. Wroxeter: the life and death of a Roman city - Roger H. White, Philip Barker 2002

        Book 

  2. Seminars 60 items
    1. Seminar 1: Conquest and Revolt 7 items
      The first part of this seminar will discuss the reasons for invasions of Britain in 55 BC, 54 BC and AD 43 (also with an eye on Roman moves under Augustus and Gaius). Read as many of the general works on Roman Britain as you can where they deal with Roman motives and draw up a list. Be ready to discuss and support the points on your list.
      1. You should read the accounts of the revolt:

        Tacitus Annals 14.29-39

        Tacitus Agricola 5.15-16

        Dio 62.1-12.

         

        • What is the nature of these sources? How does this affect their usefulness?
        • Who were the Iceni? And what do we know about them?
        • What were the causes of the revolt? 
        • Why was the revolt able to gain momentum?
        • What did the revolt achieve for the Britons?
        • What happened in the aftermath of the revolt?
        • Comment on the differences in characterisation of Boudicca?
        • Numbers involved and killed – what numbers are given and how should we view them?

      2. Reading: 6 items
        1. Boudica Britannia - Miranda Aldhouse-Green 2014 (electronic book)

          Book 

        2. Boudica: iron age warrior queen - Richard Hingley, Christina Unwin 2004

          Book 

        3. An atlas of Roman Britain - Barri Jones, D. J. Mattingly 2002

          Book 

    2. Seminar 2: The Walls of Hadrian and Antoninus Pius 15 items
      This seminar falls logically into two parts, each dealing with one wall, but followed by a discussion of interactions between the two.
      1. Browse through the literature below and think about the following:

         

        ·         What was Hadrian's Wall designed to do? (not as obvious as it might at first seem!)

        ·         What components and building techniques made up its design as a physical monument?

        ·         How did plans (and functions?) change during building, and how can these changes be studied?

        ·         How was the completed wall manned?

        ·         Was the wall a success or a failure?

      2. Reading: 7 items
        1. Hadrian: the restless emperor - Anthony Birley 1997

          Book  Available in the library and as an e-book.

        2. The frontiers of Imperial Rome - David John Breeze 2011

          Book  (browse)

        3. The building of Hadrian's Wall - Brian Dobson, David J. Breeze 1976

          Book  (a simplified guide to the B&D theory of HW construction)

        4. Hadrian's Wall - David John Breeze, Brian Dobson 2000

          Book 

        5. Handbook to the Roman Wall - John Collingwood Bruce 1966

          Book 

        6. Hadrian's Wall: archaeology and history at the limit of Rome's empire - Nick Hodgson 2017

          Book Suggested for student purchase

      3. Similar questions may be asked of the Antonine Wall in Scotland:

         

        ·         What components and building techniques made up its design as a physical monument?

        ·         How did plans (and functions?) change during building, and how can these changes be studied?

        ·         How was the completed wall manned?

        ·         Was the wall a success or a failure?

        ·         Why was the wall held for such a short period of time?

      4. Reading: 5 items
        1. Hadrian's Wall - David John Breeze, Brian Dobson 2000

          Book  (chapters on Antonine frontiers)

        2. Rome's north-west frontier: the Antonine Wall - W. S. Hanson, Gordon Maxwell 1983

          Book 

      5. Brought together the two walls can shed light on each other:

         

        ·         How did the two wall systems differ in construction?

        ·         What did the designers learn from the buildings of the two systems and what lessons did they apply between them?

        ·         In what ways and why did the epigraphic records yielded by the two walls differ?

    3. Seminar 3: Roman-British Towns 13 items
      1. This seminar is designed to familiarise you with the urban geography of Roman Britain. Browse Jones and Mattingly 1992 and the urban section of the general bibliography, and chase up sites on Google Earth, then think about the following:

         

        ·         How was urban hierarchy defined in the Roman period?

        ·         What towns in Britain fell within Roman urban categories?

        ·         How did those towns develop over the Roman period?

        ·         What is the full range of settlement in Roman Britain as revealed by archaeology?

        ·         What role did towns play in the administration of the British province(s)?

         

        The second part of the seminar involves detailed examination of two important urban sites, towns which have developed very differently since the Roman period, Londinium (London) and Viroconium (Wroxeter, Salop). Think about the following:

         

        ·         What different problems are posed in the study of sites which are either continually occupied, or are abandoned after the Roman period?

        ·         What factors dictated the locations of Londinium and Viroconium?

        ·         What were the main phases of urban development of each town?

        ·         What public buildings are known at both sites and what classes of evidence can be employed in their study?

        ·         How and when were the two sites fortified?

        ·         What evidence is there for the administrative status of the two towns?

      2. London (Londinium) 9 items
        1. London Under Ground - Ian Haynes 2017 (electronic book)

          Book  (Various papers)

        2. Roman London - Peter Marsden 1980

          Book 

        3. London: city of the Romans - Ralph Merrifield 1983

          Book 

        4. The port of Roman London - Gustav Milne 1985

          Book 

        5. The towns of Roman Britain - John Wacher 1975

          Book  82-111

      3. Wroxeter (Viroconium) 3 items
        1. The baths basilica, Wroxeter: excavations 1966-90 - Philip Barker, Roger H. White, Kate Pretty, Heather Bird 1997

          Book 

    4. Seminar 4: Landscapes of Roman Britain 15 items
      1. This seminar ranges widely through the country. Browse the literature below and think about the following questions:

         

        • How did regional geography affect the agricultural practices of Roman Britain?
        • Where in modern Britain might Roman period agriculture best be studied and where have important landscape archaeology projects been carried out?
        • What regimes of land organisation might be expected in a Roman province and how are they manifested in Britain?
        • What was meant by the Latin term 'villa'?
        • How is the term 'villa' used in modern literature and how useful is it for the study of Roman rural settlement?
        • How did 'villas' develop over time and what features were characteristic of their layout?
        • What types of settlement are found outside Romano-British towns?
        • How did agriculture in Britain change as a long-term result of the Roman conquest?

      2. Reading: 14 items
        1. Book of Iron Age Britain - Barry W. Cunliffe 1995

          Book 

        2. The landscape of Roman Britain - K. R. Dark, Petra Dark 1997

          Book 

        3. Architecture in Roman Britain - Peter Johnson, Ian Haynes 1996

          Book  (various villa building papers)

        4. The Roman villa in Britain - A. L. F. Rivet 1969

          Book 

        5. Roman villas: a study in social structure - J. T. Smith, A. T. Adams 1997

          Book  Available in the library and as an e-book.

    5. Seminar 5: Religion and Society 3 items
      1. Browse the 'Religion, Death and Burial' section of the general bibliographies with the following questions in mind:

         

        • What classes of evidence are available for the study of ancient religion in Britain?
        • What types of deities were worshipped in the LPRIA and how did these interact with imported continental cults?
        • To what extent is it meaningful to talk of 'tolerance' and 'repression' in the context of RB religion?
        • Clarify the range and types of deities worshipped in the Roman province(s). What were their areas of competence and where did they originate?
        • To what extent is it possible to consider Late Roman religion as 'Christian'?

         

         To concentrate discussion the second part of the seminar will focus on just one religious centre, Uley (Gloucestershire) to analyse the architecture of cult and the cultic practices involved:

         

        • Characterise the layout and development of the building complex.
        • How did the various components of the complex function?
        • Who attended the complex and how are the demographics of worshippers recoverable?
        • What were the religious observances practiced at Aquae Sulis and what is the evidence that can be used to elaborate on these forms of veneration?
        • How can we use the evidence from Uley to answer questions about Romano-British society as a whole?

      2. Reading: 2 items
        1. The Uley Shrines: Excavation of a ritual complex on West Hill, Uley, Gloucestershire 1977-9 - A. Woodward, P. Leach 2014

          Document  Site report available as PDF here (NB: Can take a long time to download – but it will open eventually!)

    6. Seminar 6: ‘Romanization’ of Roman Britain? 7 items
      1. There is no set reading list for this seminar because you will be drawing on all your other reading and discussions for this module. That said, it is worth looking at the texts below for their discussions of 'Romanization' before moving on to consider the questions posed. Haverfield is included because his discussion is much affected by British imperialism, but not quite in the manner that might be expected.

         

         

        • What do you understand as constituting 'Roman' culture?
        • How would you define LPRIA culture?
        • What do you think is meant by the term 'Romanization'?
        • Is the term useful, or does it confuse/over-simplify discussion by imposing pre-conceptions to such an extent that it is an obstacle to understanding?
        • What happened to 'Roman' culture in Britain after the early 5th c. AD?
        • Assuming you are not happy with the 'R'-word, what alternative terminology would you put in place?

      2. Reading: 6 items
        1. Roman imperialism: readings and sources - Craige Brian Champion 2003

          Book 

        2. Globalizing Roman culture: unity, diversity and empire - Richard Hingley 2005

          Book  Available in the library and as an e-book.

        3. An imperial possession: Britain in the Roman Empire, 54 BC-AD 409 - D. J. Mattingly 2007

          Book  (the latest general study, now in paperback)

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