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  1. Section 1: Geography's Venues 2 items
    1. Lecture Readings 1 item
      1. The SAGE handbook of geographical knowledge - John A. Agnew, David N. Livingstone 2011

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. Read the introduction and chapters 3, 5 and 16.

    2. Tutorial Reading 1 item
      Why do geographers work in ‘the field’, what do they do there, and what are the challenges involved in ‘fieldwork’?
  2. Section 2: Physical Geography 57 items
    1. Key Readings 5 items
      1. Late Quaternary environmental change: physical and human perspectives - Martin Bell, M. J. C. Walker 2005

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Plows, plagues, and petroleum: how humans took control of climate - W. F. Ruddiman 2010

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. Multiple copies of the 1st edition of Ruddiman are available in the Library:

    2. 1. Quaternary climate change and climate cycles: understanding long-term cycles, isotopic records and abrupt climate change 11 items
      1. The readings here cover lectures 1-4:

      2. Earth's climate: past and future (3rd ed.) - W. F. Ruddiman 2014

        Book  Read Chapter 7.2, 'Evident from Oxygen Isotope Measurements' (pp. 140-154); Chapter 12, 'Orbital-scale Interactions, Feedbacks and Unsolved Mysteries'; Chapter 14.3, 'Rapid Early Deglaciation' (pp. 276-278); Chapter 15, 'Millennial Oscillations of Climate'.

      3. or (equivalent sections in 1st ed.):

      4. Earth's climate: past and future (1st ed.) - W. F. Ruddiman 2001

        Book  Read chapter 7, 'Oxygen Isotope Data', section 7.2, pp. 150-154; chapter 12, 'Orbital-scale interactions in the climate system'; chapter 14, 'Glitches in the deglaciation: the deglacial two-step', section 14.3, pp. 304-309; chapter 15, 'Millennial oscillations of climate'.

      5. Late Quaternary environmental change: physical and human perspectives - Martin Bell, M. J. C. Walker 2005

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. Read chapter 3, pp. 85-88.

      6. Abrupt Climate Change 3 items
        1. Earth's climate: past and future - W. F. Ruddiman 2001

          Book  Chapter 14 (section 14.3, page 304-309 in 1st ed, chapter 13 section 13.3 in 2nd ed) Glitches in the deglaciation: the deglacial two-step and Chapter 15 (15.1, page 331-333 in 1st ed, chapter 14 section 14.1 in 2nd ed).

        2. Reconstructing quaternary environments - J. J. Lowe, M. J. C. Walker 2015

          Book Recommended Section 7.4 gives a detailed overview of the phenomenon discussed in the lecture.

        3. Late Quaternary environmental change: physical and human perspectives - Martin Bell, M. J. C. Walker 2005

          Book Recommended Chapter 3, pp. 85-88. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      7. Dating Approaches 3 items
        1. Reconstructing quaternary environments - J. J. Lowe, M. J. C. Walker 2015

          Book Recommended Chapter 5 has an in depth treatment of a wide range of dating techniques. Not all are covered in this course. Especially relevant are sections 5.2, 5.3.2, 5.4 and 5.5 and 5.7. In the 2nd Edition (1997) much of the same material is covered in Sections 5.2, 5.3, 5.4 and 5.5.

        2. Late Quaternary environmental change: physical and human perspectives - Martin Bell, M. J. C. Walker 2005

          Book  Read pp. 52-63. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

        3. The holocene: an environmental history - Neil Roberts 2014

          Book  Chapter 2, pp. 10-31.

    3. 2. Terrestrial responses to climate change 10 items
      1. Main readings for lectures 5-6 (some overlap with lectures 8-10). See lecture slides and Moodle for additional readings.

      2. Global environments through the Quaternary: exploring environmental change - D. Anderson, A. Goudie, A. Parker 2013

        Book  Chapter 3 (particularly 3.6: The Nature of Glacial/Interglacial Cycles) and Chapter 5 Environmental change in post-glacial times (Sections 5.3, 5.4, 5.10). Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. Earth's climate: past and future (3rd ed.) - W. F. Ruddiman 2014

        Book  Read Chapter 13, sections 13.5 - 13.6, 'Testing model simulations against biotic data' (pp. 260-263) and chapter 15, sections 15.2 - 15.5, 'Millennial oscillations during glaciations' (pp. 297-304).

      4. or (equivalent sections in 1st ed.):

      5. Earth's climate: past and future (1st ed.) - W. F. Ruddiman 2001

        Book  Read chapter 13, sections 13.5 - 13.6, 'Testing model simulations against biotic data' and chapter 15, sections 15.2 - 15.4, 'Millennial oscillations during glaciations'.

      6. The Holocene: an environmental history - Neil Roberts 2014

        Book Recommended Chapter 4 (digitised).

      7. An introduction to physical geography and the environment - Joseph Holden 2012

        Book Recommended Chapter 23, 'The Holocene'. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      8. Climate-driven expansion of blanket bogs in Britain during the Holocene - A. V. Gallego-Sala, D. J. Charman, S. P. Harrison, G. Li 2016

        Article Optional For the lecture on peatlands and global change.

      9. Peatlands and Global Change: Response and Resilience - S. E. Page, A. J. Baird 2016

        Article Recommended For the lecture on peatland and global change.

      10. Inquiry Findings: Peatland Programme of IUCN UK

        Webpage Optional For the lecture on peatland and global change.

    4. 3. Human impacts: megafaunal extinctions, landscape transformation through farming and the relevance of Quaternary global change in understanding the Anthropocene 18 items
      1. Readings for lectures 7-11. See lecture slides and moodle for additional readings.

      2. Megafaunal extinctions 3 items
        1. Pleistocene to Holocene extinction dynamics in giant deer and woolly mammoth - A. J. Stuart, P. A. Kosintsev, T. F. G. Higham, A. M. Lister 2004

          Article Recommended

        2. Species-specific responses of Late Quaternary megafauna to climate and humans - Eline D. Lorenzen, David Nogués-Bravo, Ludovic Orlando (et al.) 2011

          Article Optional

        3. Late Quaternary environmental change: physical and human perspectives - Martin Bell, M. J. C. Walker 2005

          Book Recommended Read pp. 186-192. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. Climate, farming and landscape transformation 8 items
        1. The holocene: an environmental history - Neil Roberts 2014

          Book Recommended Chapter 5 (especially pp. 204-7) and chapter 6 (pp. 219-228).

        2. Global environments through the Quaternary: exploring environmental change - David Anderson, Andrew Goudie, Adrian Parker 2013

          Book Recommended Chapter 5, Environmental Change in Post-glacial Times (Section 5.8). Available in the Library and as an e-book.

        3. A review of the mid-Holocene elm decline in the British Isles - A.G. Parker, A.S. Goudie, D.E. Anderson, M.A. Robinson 2002

          Article Recommended

        4. Late Quaternary environmental change: physical and human perspectives - Martin Bell, M. J. C. Walker 2005

          Book Optional Chapter 5 (pp. 137-140) The impact of environmental change on people (1st edition only) - summary of the Anasazi. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

        5. Sustainable Small-Scale Agriculture in Semi-Arid Environments - Katherine A. Spielmann, Margaret Nelson, Scott Ingram, Matthew A. Peeples 2011

          Article Optional

        6. Collapse: how societies choose to fail or survive - Jared M. Diamond 2005

          Book  Popular account of the Anasazi.

        7. Or the equivalent chapter in the 2011 edition of Diamond.

      4. Late Quaternary environmental change: physical and human perspectives - Martin Bell, M. J. C. Walker 2005

        Book  Chapter 6, pp. 186-192. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      5. The Holocene: an environmental history - Neil Roberts 2014

        Book Recommended Chapters 5-7.

      6. Plows, plagues, and petroleum: how humans took control of climate - W. F. Ruddiman 2010

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      7. Earth's climate: past and future (3rd ed.) - W. F. Ruddiman 2014

        Book  Read chapter 16, 'Humans and Preindustrial Climate'.

      8. or (equivalent section in 1st ed.):

      9. Earth's climate: past and future (1st ed.) - W. F. Ruddiman 2001

        Book  Read chapter sections 17.7 - 17.10, 'Humans and Preindustrial Climate'.

    5. 4. Tutorial: The early anthropogenic hypothesis 1 item
    6. 5. Essay: Recommended References 12 items
      Question: Explain a) the basis of Ruddiman's Early Anthropogenic Hypothesis and b) two of the reasons that some researchers believe it should be refuted. To do this, you should use the literature provided and other relevant references that you identify from further reading.
      1. Did Humankind Prevent a Holocene Glaciation? - Martin Claussen, Victor Brovkin, Reinhard Calov, Andrey Ganopolski 2005

        Article 

      2. Holocene carbon emissions as a result of anthropogenic land cover change - J. O. Kaplan, K. M. Krumhardt, E. C. Ellis, W. F. Ruddiman 2011

        Article 

      3. Early rice farming and anomalous methane trends - William F. Ruddiman, Zhengtang Guo, Xin Zhou, Hanbin Wu 2008

        Article 

      4. Plows, plagues, and petroleum: how humans took control of climate - W. F. Ruddiman 2010

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      5. Earth transformed - W. F. Ruddiman 2014

        Book 

  3. Section 3: Statistics 26 items
    1. Readings 1 item
      1. A companion to health and medical geography - Tim Brown, Sara McLafferty, Graham Moon 2010

        Book  Please read part I, pp. 13-69, in preparation for Dr Sothern's lecture in week 4.

    2. Background Readings 11 items
      1. Statistics and society reading:

      2. Interpreting official statistics - Ruth Levitas, Will Guy 1996

        Book 

      3. Statistical readings:

      4. Statistical methods for the social sciences (4th ed.) - Alan Agresti, Barbara Finlay 2014

        Book  Previous editions also in the Library.

      5. Elementary statistics for geographers - James E. Burt, Gerald M. Barber, David L. Rigby 2009

        Book  Previous editions also in the Library.

      6. Multiple copies of the 3rd edition are also available in the Library:

      7. In addition, there are some online resources that can be used:

      8. OpenIntro Statistics - David M. Diez (et al.) 2013

        Book 

    3. Lecture Reading 14 items
      1. Lecture 1: Course welcome and fundamentals of statistical analysis 1 item
        1. Gapminder

          Website  Convince yourself of the joy of statistics with Professor Hans Rosling.

      2. Lecture 2: Data collection and descriptive statistics 3 items
        1. And (optional) for a more detailed look at the issues around the failure of polls to predict the 2015 election result see:

      3. Lecture 3: Probability 3 items
        1. Challenger Disaster 2013

          Audio-visual document  The importance of conditional probability.

        2. For more details on this topic, see Richard Feynman's book:

      4. Lecture 4: Linear regression 3 items
        1. Equation of a Straight Line

          Webpage  Get to grips with the equation for a straight line using this webpage. Click on the link ‘Explore the straight line graph’ at the bottom of the webpage.

        2. SticiGui Correlation Demo

          Webpage  Look at the relationship between a regression line and the correlation coefficient

      5. Lecture 5: Statistical inference 1 item
        1. Sampling Distributions - David M. Lane

          Webpage  Convince yourself of the power of the Central Limit Theorem.

      6. Lecture 6: Hypothesis testing 1 item
        1. Hypothesis testing and p-values: Hypothesis testing with one sample

          Webpage  Hypothesis testing - additional detail from the Khan Academy.

      7. Lecture 7 - Statistical inference (relationships between variables) 1 item
        1. Additional reading to be confirmed.

      8. Lecture 8: Statistics in the media 1 item
        1. More or Less: Processed Meat and Cancer - Ruth Alexander 2015

          Audio-visual document  Does bacon cause cancer?

  4. Section 4: Geographies of Power, Place and Representation 38 items
    1. Geographies of Power, Knowledge and Representation 22 items
      1. Lecture 1: What is Cultural Geography? 2 items
        1. Geographic thought: a critical introduction - Tim Cresswell 2012

          Book  Read pp. 196-215. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

        2. A Rough Guide - K. Anderson (et al.)

          Chapter  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Lecture 2: From Repression to Production 2 items
        1. Foucault: a very short introduction - Gary Gutting 2005

          Book  Read pp. 79-100. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

        2. Discipline and punish: the birth of the prison - Michel Foucault 1991

          Book  Additional copies available at classmark HV8666.F68S5F95.

      3. Lecture 3: Gender as performed Geography 18 items
        1. Geography, Gender and Power - S. Mills

          Chapter  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

        2. Foucault, Sexuality, Geography - P. Howell

          Chapter  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

        3. Unbearable weight: feminism, Western culture, and the body - Susan Bordo, Leslie Heywood 2003

          Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

        4. A Companion to Foucault - Christopher Falzon, Timothy O'Leary, Jana Sawicki 2013 (electronic book)

          Book 

        5. The history of sexuality: Vol. 1: The will to knowledge - Michel Foucault, Robert Hurley (trans.) 1990

          Book 

        6. The Wiley-Blackwell companion to economic geography - Trevor J. Barnes, Jamie Peck, Eric S. Sheppard 2012 (electronic book)

          Book  Chapters 30 and 34 provide an appreciation of how Foucault can be useful to economic geography.

        7. Foucault's Geography - C. Philo 1992

          Article  Digitised.

    2. Borders, identity and landscape 13 items
      1. Lecture 1: SL Technical and Discursive Borders 3 items
      2. Lecture 2: SL Physical Walls and Imaginative Boundaries 4 items
        1. Rivers with Jeremy Paxman. Episode 1: Tweed 2017

          Audio-visual document Essential Available online via Box of Broadcasts. Sign in as a University of St Andrews user to view.

      3. Lecture 3 and 4: Prof Nina Laurie 6 items
    3. Geographers: power, place and representation 3 items
      1. Further readings will be provided via Moodle but students who wish to read ahead can look at:

      2. The dictionary of human geography - Derek Gregory, R. J. Johnston 2009

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. Entries on: (i) representation, (ii) positionality, (iii) Other/Otherness, (iv) Cultural turn, (v) Cultural Geography, (vi) Cultural Landscape, (vii) Film, (viii) media, (ix) Memory, (x) performance.

  5. Section 5: Environmental Geography 2 items
    1. Lectures 1-4: Environmental management in Scotland 2 items
      1. Managing Scotland's environment - Charles Warren 2009

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Read the following sections:

         

        Lecture 1:  pp. 17-21

        Lecture 2:  pp. 67-70; 95-100

        Lecture 3:  pp. 176-180; 190-192; 195-197.
        Lecture 4:  pp. 305-313.

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