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  1. Guidance on reading 7 items
    1. There is no single textbook for this module. In fact, the idea of this module is for you to engage directly with key original texts. In addition to journal articles and scanned individual book chapters, we will be reading multiple chapters from a number of books, all of which the Library has made available in electronic format. There is thus no need to purchase any particular book for this module.

       

      If you feel that you require some additional background, I can recommend the following textbooks, some of which are also listed below under the relevant Further Reading sections:

    2. Theory-driven research on international relations more broadly 2 items
      1. The Oxford handbook of international relations - Christian Reus-Smit, Duncan Snidal 2010

        Book 

    3. History of military-strategic thought 1 item
    4. Theory-driven research on the origins of inter-state war 1 item
      1. Causes of War - Jack S. Levy, William R. Thompson 2010 (electronic book)

        Book 

    5. Conduct of war 1 item
      1. Jordan, David, James D. Kiras, David J. Lonsdale, Ian Speller, Christopher Tuck, and C. Dale Walton. 2016. Understanding Modern Warfare. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (On order)

    6. Theory-driven research on civil war 1 item
      1. Mason, T. David, and Sara McLaughlin Mitchell. eds. 2016. What Do We Know about Civil Wars? Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. (On order)

  2.  

    I. Introduction

     

    Please note that the required readings are listed in the order in which I recommend you read them. The further readings are listed alphabetically.

  3. Week 1: The Nature of War 15 items
    1. Required Reading 4 items
      1. On War - Carl von Clausewitz, ed. and trans., Michael Eliot Howard, Peter Paret 1984

        Book  Book I, 'On the Nature of War', pp. 75-123.

      2. New & old wars: organized violence in a global era - Mary Kaldor 2012

        Book  Chapters 1-5, pp. 1-119. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    2. Further Reading 11 items
      1. Coker, Christopher. 2017. Rebooting Clausewitz: On War in the Twenty-First Century. London: Hurst. On order

      2. Clausewitz on small war - Carl von Clausewitz 2015

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. In Defence of New Wars - Mary Kaldor 2013

        Article  [See also the Afterword in the third edition of New and Old Wars.]

      4. A history of warfare - John Keegan 1994

        Book 

      5. The new wars - Herfried Münkler 2005

        Book 

      6. Clausewitz in the twenty-first century - Hew Strachan, Andreas Herberg-Rothe 2007 (electronic book)

        Book 

      7. The transformation of war - Martin Van Creveld 1991

        Book 

  4.  

     

    II. Why Do States Go To War?

  5. Week 2: Domestic Politics vs. International Structure 17 items
    1. Required Reading 5 items
      1. Man, the state and war: a theoretical analysis - Kenneth N. Waltz 2001

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book. Chapters I and VI-VIII, pp. 1-15; 159-238.

      2. Causes of war: power and the roots of conflict - Stephen Van Evera 1999

        Book  Introduction (digitised).

    2. Further Reading 12 items
      1. The origins of major war - Dale C. Copeland 2000

        Book 

      2. The origins of the First World War - James Joll, Gordon Martel 2007

        Book  [Classic textbook; structured very differently than Martel 2017.]

      3. Causes of war - Jack S. Levy, William R. Thompson 2010 (electronic book)

        Book 

      4. The origins of the First World War - James Joll, Gordon Martel 2007

        Book  [Includes a useful guide to further reading up to 2015.]

      5. The tragedy of great power politics - John J. Mearsheimer 2014

        Book 

      6. Military strategy and the origins of the First World War - Steven E. Miller, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Stephen Van Evera 1991

        Book 

      7. The origins of the First World War - William Mulligan 2011

        Book  2nd ed. on order

      8. The First World War: Causes and Course - Hew Strachan 1986

        Article  [A review of books from the 1980s and how they relate to earlier work.]

  6. Week 3: The Bargaining Model and Its Critics 20 items
    1. Required Reading 5 items
      1. Why Nations Fight: Past and Future Motives for War - Richard Ned Lebow 2010

        Book  Chapters 3–4, pp. 65–127.

    2. Further Reading 15 items
      1. The causes of war - Geoffrey Blainey 1973

        Book 

      2. Reputation and Status as Motives for War - Allan Dafoe, Jonathan Renshon, Paul Huth 2014

        Article 

      3. The Iraq war: causes and consequences - Rick Fawn, Raymond A. Hinnebusch 2006

        Book 

      4. War on sacred grounds - Ron E. Hassner 2009

        Book 

      5. Powell, Robert. 1999a. In the Shadow of Power: States and Strategies in International Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. On order

      6. The Modeling Enterprise and Security Studies - Robert Powell 1999

        Article  [One of several responses in this issue to Walt 1999, see below.]

  7.  

    III: How Do States Anticipate, Threaten, and Use Force?

  8. Week 4: Intelligence 16 items
    1. Required Reading 5 items
      1. Fixing the facts: national security and the politics of intelligence - Joshua Rovner 2011

        Book  Chapters 1–3, pp. 1–48. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Attributing Cyber Attacks - Thomas Rid, Ben Buchanan 2015

        Article 

    2. Further Reading 11 items
      1. Betts, Richard K. 2007. Enemies of Intelligence: Knowledge and Power in American National Security. New York: Columbia University Press. On order

      2. Johnson, Loch K. ed. 2012. The Oxford Handbook of National Security Intelligence. Oxford: Oxford University Press. On order

      3. Intelligence: from secrets to policy - Mark M. Lowenthal 2015

        Book  [Introductory textbook.]

      4. Pearl Harbor: warning and decision - Roberta Wohlstetter 1962

        Book  Focus on chapters 1-2 and 6-7, pp. 1-169; 339-401. Read / skim as much as you can of the rest. Available in Library and as an e-book.

      5. Yarhi-Milo, Keren. 2014. Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. On order

  9. Week 5: Strategy in the Nuclear Age 18 items
    1. Required Reading 1 item
      1. Arms and influence - Thomas C. Schelling 1966

        Book  Preface and all chapters, pp. 1-286 (print). Also available as an e-book with a new preface and afterword.

    2. Further Reading 17 items
      1. Strategy in the missile age - Bernard Brodie 1965

        Book  With a new preface.

      2. Nuclear politics: the strategic causes of proliferation - Alexandre Debs, Nuno P. Monteiro 2017

        Book  [We do not cover nuclear proliferation in detail, but it is a major topic in the field. If you are interested in it, this book is a good start.]

      3. The evolution of nuclear strategy - Lawrence Freedman 2003

        Book 

      4. Deterrence - Lawrence Freedman 2004

        Book 

      5. Gray, Colin S. 1999. The Second Nuclear Age. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner. On order

      6. Deterrence now - Patrick M. Morgan 2003

        Book 

      7. Narang, Vipin. 2014. Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. On order

      8. Paul, T. V., Patrick M. Morgan, and James J. Wirtz. eds. 2009. Complex Deterrence: Strategy in the Global Age. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. On order

      9. The spread of nuclear weapons: an enduring debate - Scott Douglas Sagan, Kenneth N. Waltz 2013

        Book 

      10. The strategy of conflict - Thomas C. Schelling 1980

        Book 

      11. History and strategy - Marc Trachtenberg c1991

        Book  Chap. 1 (“Strategic Thought in America, 1952–1966”), pp. 3–46. [Provides important histor-ical context to Schelling’s book.]

  10. Week 6: Independent Learning Week 1 item
    1. No set reading

  11. Week 7: Military Power 16 items
    1. Required Reading 2 items
      1. Bombing to win: air power and coercion in war - Robert Anthony Pape 1996

        Book  Chapters 1-3 and 7, pp. 1-86; 211-253. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Military power: explaining victory and defeat in modern battle - Stephen D. Biddle 2004

        Book  Chapters 1-4 and 7, pp. 1-77; 132-149. Available in the Library and as an e-book

    2. Further Reading 14 items
      1. How the weak win wars: a theory of asymmetric conflict - Ivan Arreguín-Toft 2005

        Book  Available in Library and as an e-book.

      2. Kosovo and the Great Air Power Debate. - Daniel L. Byman, Matthew C Waxman 2000

        Article 

      3. Journal of Strategic Studies: Vol 28, No 3

        Journal  Read: pp. 413–469. Cohen, Eliot A., Lawrence Freedman, Michael Horowitz and Stephen Rosen, Martin van Creveld, and Stephen Biddle. 2005. Military Power: A Roundtable Review.

      4. Jordan, David, James D. Kiras, David J. Lonsdale, Ian Speller, Christopher Tuck, and C. Dale Walton. 2016. Understanding Modern Warfare. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Useful textbook. Also covers naval warfare, which we do not discuss in detail.] On order

      5. Modelski, George, and William R. Thompson. 1988. Seapower in Global Politics, 1494–1993. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press. On order

      6. Security Studies: Vol 7, No 2 1997/8

        Journal  Read: Theory and Evidence in Security Studies: Debating Robert A. Pape’s Bombing to Win.

      7. Pollack, Kenneth M. 2002. Arabs at War: Military Effectiveness, 1948–1991. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. On order

  12. Week 8: Alliances 17 items
    1. Required Reading 6 items
      1. The origins of alliances - Stephen M. Walt 1987

        Book  Chapters 1-2, pp. 1-49. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    2. Further Reading 11 items
      1. Alliance politics - Glenn Herald Snyder 2007

        Book 

      2. Weitsman, Patricia A. 2004. Dangerous Alliances: Proponents of Peace, Weapons of War. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. On order

  13.  

    IV: Why and How Do Insurgents and States Fight?

  14. Week 9: Causes of Civil War 16 items
    1. Required Reading 6 items
      1. Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War - James D. Fearon, David D. Laitin 2003

        Article 

      2. Inequality, grievances, and civil war - Lars-Erik Cederman, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, Halvard Buhaug 2013

        Book  Chapters 1-3, pp. 1-53. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    2. Further Reading 10 items
      1. Why Do Ethnic Groups Rebel? New Data and Analysis. - Lars-Erik Cederman, Andreas Wimmer, Brian Min 2010

        Article 

      2. Why men rebel - Ted Robert Gurr 1970

        Book 

      3. What Is Civil War? - Nicholas Sambanis 2004

        Article 

  15. Week 10: Insurgent and Counterinsurgent Warfare 19 items
    1. Required Reading 5 items
      1. The accidental guerrilla: fighting small wars in the midst of a big one - David Kilcullen 2009

        Book  Preface, prologue and chapter 1, pp. xiii-xxvii; 1-38. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. Waging insurgent warfare: lessons from the Vietcong to the Islamic State - Seth G. Jones 2017

        Book  Chapters 3-4, pp. 35-82. Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      3. Testing the Surge: Why Did Violence Decline in Iraq in 2007? - Stephen Biddle, Jeffrey A. Friedman, Jacob N. Shapiro 2012

        Article 

    2. Further Reading 14 items
      1. The Empiricists' Insurgency - Eli Berman, Aila M. Matanock 2015

        Article  [Literature review.]

      2. Cohen, Dara Kay. 2016. Rape During Civil War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. On order

      3. Counterinsurgency warfare: theory and practice - David Galula, John A. Nagl 2006

        Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      4. The logic of violence in civil war - Stathis N. Kalyvas 2006

        Book  Available in Library and as an e-book.

      5. On guerrilla warfare - Mao Tse-tung, Samuel B. Griffith (trans.) 2000

        Book  Translated from the Chinese and with an Introduction by Samuel B. Griffith II. pp. 1-114.

      6. The terrorist's dilemma: managing violent covert organizations - Jacob N. Shapiro 2013

        Book  Available in Library and as an e-book.

      7. Networks of rebellion: explaining insurgent cohesion and collapse - Paul Staniland 2014

        Book  Available in Library and as an e-book.

  16. Week 11: War Termination and Peacekeeping 17 items
    1. Required Reading 3 items
      1. How wars end - Dan Reiter 2009 (electronic book)

        Book  Chapters 1-3, pp. 1-50.

      2. Does peacekeeping work?: shaping belligerents' choices after civil war - Virginia Page Fortna 2008

        Book  Chapters 1 and 4-6, pp. 1-17; 76-171. Available in the Library and as an e-book

    2. Further Reading 14 items
      1. Understanding peacekeeping - Alex J. Bellamy, Paul Williams, Stuart Griffin 2010

        Book  [Textbook providing an overview of different types of operations.]

      2. Making war and building peace: United Nations peace operations - Michael W. Doyle, Nicholas Sambanis 2006

        Book 

      3. Pitfalls and Prospects in the Peacekeeping Literature - Virginia Page Fortna, Lise Morjé Howard 2008

        Article 

      4. Goemans, H. E. 2000. War and Punishment: The Causes of War Termination and the First World War. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. On order

      5. UN peacekeeping in civil wars - Lise Morjé Howard 2008

        Book 

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